• Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

    Duties of Authors
    1. Reporting standards
    Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts must follow the submission guidelines of China Oceans Law Review (COLR)
    2. Data access and retention
    Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data. Data fabrication, selective collected or used are unacceptable.
    3. Originality and plagiarism
    Authors should ensure that they have written and submitted only entirely original works which is neither previously published nor currently under consideration to any other journals for publication, and they have cited the work and/or words of others. 
    Plagiarism in any form is unacceptable and is considered as a serious breach of professional conduct. Using of someone else’s prior ideas, methods, or results should be indicated and cited clearly. The manuscripts should also avoid deception, including data fabrication and selective collected or used.
    4. Multiple, duplicate, redundant or concurrent submission/publication
    Papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal or primary publication. Submission of a manuscript concurrently to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
    5. Authorship of the manuscript
    The co-authors and their affiliations of a paper should be all those who have made significant scientific contributions to the work reported and who share responsibility and accountability for the results. The authors’ arrangement should be based on their contributions to the work. The inclusion of inappropriate co-authors and affiliations is absolutely unacceptable. Other contributions should be indicated in a footnote or an “Acknowledgment” section. The corresponding author should ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.
    6. Disclosure and conflicts of interest
    Authors should—at the earliest stage possible (generally by submitting a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the manuscript)—disclose any conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. The funding source except for secret projects should be disclosed (including the grant number or other reference number if any) very clearly and accurately in the paper. Any indication of irrelevant funding source is unacceptable.
    7. Acknowledgement of sources
    Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.
    8. Hazards and human or animal subjects
    If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the authors must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or human participants, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them; the manuscript should contain a statement to this effect. Authors should also include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants. The privacy rights of human participants must always be observed.
    9. Fundamental errors in published works
    At any point of time, if author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the COLR editors or publisher and to cooperate with the editors to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum. If editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error or inaccuracy, it is also the author’ s obligation to promptly correct or retract the paper or provide evidence to the COLR editors of the correctness of the paper.
    10. Participate in peer review process
    Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and cooperate fully by responding promptly to editors’ requests for raw data, clarifications, and proof of ethics approval, patient consents and copyright permissions. In the case of a first decision of “revisions necessary”, authors should respond to the reviewers’ comments systematically, item by item, and in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to COLR by the deadline given.
    11. Final check
    All authors will be asked to check the proofs thoroughly for any possible layout or typographical errors before publication. Because of the high cost of alterations, only typographical or data errors of fact can be corrected in proof and no major changes can be included at this stage. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed. All proofs should be returned to the COLR Editorial Board in time. Failure to return may result in a delay to publication.

    Duties of Reviewers
    1. Contribution to editorial decisions
    Peer review assists editors in making editorial decisions, and through editorial communications with authors, may assist authors in improving their manuscripts. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication.
    2. Promptness
    Any invited reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should immediately notify the editors and decline the invitation to review, so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.
    3. Confidentiality
    Any manuscript received for review is confidential document and must be treated as privileged information. This applies also to the invited reviewers who decline the review invitation. The manuscript should be neither shown to nor discussed with others except, in special cases, to persons from whom specific advice may be sought; in that case, the identities of those consulted should be disclosed to the editor.
    4. Standards of objectivity
    A reviewer of a manuscript should judge objectively the quality of the complete manuscript and the supporting information with due regard to the maintenance of high scientific and literary standards. A reviewer should respect the intellectual independence of the authors.
    5. Acknowledgement of sources
    Reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Reviewers should also notify the editors of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge. A reviewer should also be alert to the failure of authors to cite relevant work by other scientist, bearing in mind the complaints that the reviewer’s own research was insufficiently cited may seem self-serving.
    6. Disclosure and conflicts of interest
    A reviewer should be sensitive to the conflict of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the manuscript and the work described therein should immediately notify the editors to declare their conflicts of interest and decline the invitation to review, so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.
    7. Unacceptance of unpublished material or ideas using in reviewer’s own research 
    Unpublished material disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer’s own research without the consent of the authors. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. This also applies to the invited reviewers who decline the review invitation.

    Duties of Editors
    1. Fair play
    Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and their relevance to the COLR’s scopes, without regard to sex, gender, race, religion, citizenship, work units, etc. of the authors.|
    2. Acceptance/Rejection rights
    Editors have the sole rights for acceptance and rejection of a manuscript. A manuscript may be rejected without external review if considered by the editors to be inappropriate for COLR. Such rejections may be based on the failure of the manuscript to fit the scopes of COLR, to be of current or sufficiently broad interest, to be written in unacceptable content etc.
    3. Confidentiality
    Editors and editorial board members must ensure that the information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential avoiding deception and plagiarism.
    4. Disclosure and conflicts of interest
    The editors and editorial board members cannot use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript for his own research without written consent of the author. The editors and editorial board members should recuse themselves from conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected with the submitted manuscript. In this case, they should ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.
    5. Publication decisions
    The editors must ensure that all the submitted manuscripts being considered for publication have undergone peer-review by at least two reviewers who are expert in the manuscript related field with double-blind peer review. Reviewers might accept, reject or require a revision for style and/or content. After revision of the opinions of the reviewers item by itemthe author should resubmit the manuscript with an clear revision explanation. However, the final acceptance or rejection rests with the Editorial Board member, who reserves the right to refuse any materials for publication. The decisions on acceptance, revision, or rejection will be made within three months after submission.
    6. Involvement and cooperation in investigations
    Editors (in conjunction with the publisher) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted manuscript or published paper. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. If on investigation, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or other note relevant, will be published in the journal.

    Duties of the Publisher
    1. Handling of unethical publishing behavior
    In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. The publisher, together with the editors, shall take reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, and under no circumstances encourage such misconduct or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place.
    2. Access to the journal content
    The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by maintaining our own digital website (http://colr.xmu.edu.cn/).

    Editorial Board of China Oceans Law Review
    09 Jan 2020

    Transfer of Copyright Statement

    In order to ensure both the widest dissemination and protection of materials published in the China Oceans Law Review (COLR), we ask authors to transfer the copyright of the article they contribute to the COLR Editorial Board at South China Sea Institute of Xiamen University. This enables us to ensure protection against infringement.

    The transfer agreement in the following must be signed and returned to the Editorial Office once the manuscript is accepted by the COLR.

    Article Number:
    Article Title:
    Names of All Authors:            

    Transfer of Copyright Agreement

    Copyright to the unpublished and original articles which are above-listed and submitted by the above Author(s), the abstract forming part and any subsequent errata is hereby transferred to the 
    COLR which is cosponsored by Xiamen University South China Sea Institute, Dalian Maritime University Institute of Maritime Law and Ocean Law, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University CY Tung International Centre for Maritime Studies, 
    University of Macau Faculty of Law and Taiwan Normal University Graduate Institute of Political Science, published by the Editorial Board of COLR. And then full terms of above-listed Article are transferred to the COLR throughout the world, which are subject to the Author Rights defined hereinafter and to acceptance of the article for publication in the COLR. All materials to be published as part of the article are included in the transfer of copyright, which are included but not limited to tables, figures, and graphs.

    The author(s) shall have the following rights (the “Author Rights”):

    1) The authors warrant that the work described has not been publish before, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The authors warrant that the article is original and that they have full power to make this grant. It contains no matter that is scandalous, obscene, libelous, or otherwise contrary to law.

    2) This agreement does not affect all proprietary rights other than copyright and the publication rights transferred to the COLR. In particular, it does not affect patent rights or moral rights in or to the article.

    3) The copyright covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or other reproductions of similar nature. The authors warrant the transfer all of above rights to the COLR

    4) The right to make and distribute copies of the paper for internal purposes, such as, the further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in lecture or classroom teaching, reusing all or part of this material in a compilation of my own works or in a textbook of which I am the author and copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution that employs me. I/We agree that copies made under these circumstances will continue to carry the copyright notice that appeared in the original published work. I/We agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the above terms. I/We certify that I/we have obtained written permission for the use of text, tables, and/or illustrations from any copyrighted source(s), and I/We agree to supply such written permission(s) to the Editorial Board of COLR upon request. Commercial purposes or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.

    5) To post and update the Work on non-Publisher servers (including e-print servers) as long as access to such servers is not for commercial use and does not depend on payment of access, subscription, or membership fees. Any such posting made or updated after acceptance of the work for publication shall include the citation information and copyright notice and should provide an electronic link to the COLR website.

    6) If the work that forms the basis of this paper was done under a contract with a governmental agency or other entity that retains certain rights, the copyright in the paper belongs to your employer as a work-for-hire. In that case, Editorial Board of COLR assumes that when you sign this agreement, you are authorized to do so by your employer and that your employer has consented to the transfer of copyright, to the representation and warranty of publication rights, and to all other terms and conditions of this agreement. If such authorization and consent has not been given to you, an authorized representative of your employer should sign this Agreement as the author.

    7) This agreement becomes effective on the date of signature, and the place of implementation is Beijing, P, R. China.

    8) If disputation on other matters, both parties will settle; if the negotiation fails, then both parties deal with in accordance with the 'Copyright Law of the People's Republic of China' and relevant laws and regulations.

    I confirm that I have read and accept the full terms of the Transfer Copyright Agreement.

    Signature(s) (all of the Authors):         

    Please return the completed and signed original of the Agreement by email. Also you may email a scanned copy of the signed Agreement for convenience.

    Address of Editorial Office:
    Room 220, Nan'an Building, Xiamen University
    422 South Siming Road, Siming District
    Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China

    Tel: +86 592 2181308
    Fax: +86 592 2187715
    Email: colr@xmu.edu.cn
    Website: http://colr.xmu.edu.cn
    WeChat Official Account: COLReview